Such a plan is more appealing to senators uncomfortable with the other option being explored by opponents of the war: the "slow bleed" plan being developed by Rep. John Murtha that is intended to limit the ability to deploy soldiers into Iraq by placing strict requirements on training and funding.
Key lawmakers, backed by party leaders, are drafting legislation that would effectively revoke the broad authority granted to the president in the days Saddam Hussein was in power, and leave US troops with a limited mission as they prepare to withdraw.
Officials said Thursday the precise wording of the measure remains unsettled. One version would restrict American troops in Iraq to fighting al-Qaida, training Iraqi army and police forces, maintaining Iraq's territorial integrity and otherwise proceeding with the withdrawal of combat forces.
It probably doesn't matter which route Congress takes to try to end the Iraq war, as both paths are very likely unconstitutional. While it's not clear, Murtha's plan very likely violates the constitutional authority of the president as commander-in-chief as the plan seems to go beyond Congress' role of making rules of the government and regulation of the armed forces. The Senate's plan will likely be vetoed, but it wouldn't have to be. Congress has long ago ceded any responsibility for the control and deployment of the US armed forces. While the president did ask Congress for authorization, the administration also made it clear that it did not have to do, as all administrations have done since the passage of the War Powers Resolution. As I have argued in many posts, Congress' role in such matters is limited to funding the military and declaring war. If Congress really wants to end the US military involvement in Iraq, it will have to cut off funding for the troops.